OM in the News: Intel’s $7 Billion Arizona Chip Plant
“New chip plants are tremendously expensive,” writes The New York Times (Feb. 9, 2017), “requiring large tracts of land, reliable electricity and water, and a skilled work force that includes people with doctorates in chemistry and technicians who can repair a malfunctioning robot.” Sophisticated equipment is necessary to deposit and etch microscopic layers of material on silicon wafers, which are then cut and packaged into the microprocessors that run PCs, servers, smartphones and, increasingly, other electronic devices.
Countries compete to land such plants, especially modern factories that produce the most valuable chips and bring high-paying R&D jobs. Government subsidies are common, with China vowing to spend tens of billions of dollars to expand its domestic chip industry. While most technology manufacturing, such as computers and smartphones, has moved overseas, American factories still account for 1/7 of global chip production and produce many of the most valuable computer chips, including Intel’s flagship processors. Seventy-six chip plants are scattered across the U.S., from Maine to California.
Intel’s new $7 billion, 3,000 employee, chip plant in Arizona plant will build ultradense chips that Intel refers to as 7 nanometer, with transistors packed more closely together than in the chips the company now builds. The tighter spacing allows for faster, more energy-efficient chips. “This factory will produce the most powerful computer chips on the planet,” says Intel’s CEO, who adds: “the company had decided to proceed because of the tax and regulatory policies we see the (Trump) administration pushing forward.” Intel also has factories in China, Ireland and Israel.
Classroom discussion questions:
- Why are chip factories important to the U.S?
- Why is chip manufacturing a tough business to enter and succeed in?